Health education is a social science that draws from the biological, environmental, psychological, physical, and medical sciences to promote health and prevent disease, disability and premature death through education-driven voluntary behavior change activities.
Health education is the development of individual, group, institutional, community, and systemic strategies to improve health knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behavior.
The purpose of health education is to positively influence the health behavior of individuals and communities as well as the living and working conditions that influence their health.
Who Provides Health Education?
Health education requires intensive specialized study. Over 250 colleges and universities in the United States offer undergraduate and graduate (Masters and Doctorate) degrees in school or community health education, health promotion, and other related titles. A listing of the Directory of Institutions Offering Undergraduate and Graduate Degree Programs in Health Education will be available online December 2009.
Nationally, voluntary credentialing as a Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES) is available from the National Commission for Health Education Credentialing, Inc (NCHEC). CHES competencies (health education needs assessment; program planning, implementation and evaluation; service coordination; and Health Education needs, concerns, resource communication) are generic to the practice of health education, whether it takes place in schools, colleges, workplaces, medical care settings, public health settings or other educational settings of the community. CHES are re-certified every five years based on documentation of participation in 75 hours of approved continuing education activities.
Some people specialize in health education (trained and/or certified health education specialists). Others perform selected health education functions as part of what they consider their primary responsibility (medical treatment, nursing, social work, physical therapy, oral hygiene, etc.). Lay workers learn on the job to do specific, limited educational tasks to encourage healthy behavior.
Para-professionals and health professionals from other disciplines are not familiar with the specialized body of health education knowledge, skills, theories, and research, nor is it their primary interest or professional development focus. This will limit their effectiveness with clients and communities, and their cost-effectiveness.
Why is Health Education Important?
Health education improves the health status of individuals, families, communities, states, and the nation.
Health education enhances the quality of life for all people.
Health education reduces premature deaths.
By focusing on prevention, health education reduces the costs (both financial and human) that individuals, employers, families, insurance companies, medical facilities, communities, the state, and the nation would spend on medical treatment.
Where Are Health Educators Employed?
In schools... health educators teach health as a subject and promote and implement Coordinated School Health Programs, including health services, student, staff, and parent health education, and promote healthy school environments and school-community partnerships.
On college/university campuses... health educators are part of a team working to create an environment in which students feel empowered to make healthy choices and create a caring community. They identify needs; advocate and do community organizing; teach whole courses or individual classes; develop mass media campaigns; and train peer educators, counselors, and/or advocates.
In business & industry... health educators perform or coordinate employee counseling as well as education services, employee health risk appraisals, and health screenings.
In health care settings... health educators educate patients about medical procedures, operations, services and therapeutic regimens, create activities and incentives to encourage use of services by high risk patients; conduct staff training and consult with other health care providers about behavioral, cultural, or social barriers to health; promote self-care; develop activities to improve patient participation on clinical processes; educate individuals to protect, promote or maintain their health and reduce risky behaviors; make appropriate community-based referrals, and write grants.
In community organizations and government agencies... health educators help a community identify its needs, draw upon its problem-solving abilities, and mobilize its resources to develop, promote, implement and evaluate strategies to improve its own health status. Health educators do community organizing and outreach, grantwriting, coalition building, advocacy, and develop, produce, and evaluate mass media health campaigns.
What Does A Trained Health Educator Do?
Assess individual and community
Plan health education programs
Develop health education programs
Coordinate health education programs
Implement health education programs
Manage health education programs and personnel
Evaluate health education programs
Develop social marketing and mass media campaigns
Organize/ mobilize communities for action
Handle controversial health issues/content
Advocate for health related issues
Encourage healthy behavior
Use a variety of education/training methods
Develop audio, visual, print and electronic materials